the fight to save battlegrounds from invasion of metal detectors
The famous British battlefield is as memorable as the Bosworth Stadium, coolden and Hastings. Like Stonehenge and the Tower of London, it is part of the British historical canvas.
But archaeologists say these important sites are now under threat from new threats: metal detectors.
The invasion of amateur treasure seekers is becoming such a problem, trying to find out that the truth of some of the most famous battles in British history is being threatened.
Battlefield Trust, a charity backed by traditional lottery funds, said yesterday that at least 10 important battlefields were damaged by uncontrolled metal detection and undocumented removal of thousands of items.
Including the biggest battle of medieval England. Towton, 1461)
The victory of Edward IV rose war in Tesbury1471)
Civil War battles in Newark and Newbury, and the first great battle of Henry V (
The first large-scale deployment of long bow.
Largest single metal
On the weekend of September 13, a reconnaissance operation was conducted in Marston Moor, the British Civil War battlefield in Yorkshire.
At least 300 people have discovered many objects with metal detectors, including dozens, possibly hundreds of lead bombs and other objects in the battle itself, the top of a gunpowder flask of brass, and the other, lead mouth with four Thorn buckles, half Baird or part of Pike, countless pistol balls and two decorated Mahler gear.
More than a dozen coins circulating during the battle were also unearthed.
The problem is, there\'s nothing in common.
A coordinated strategy that seeks to ensure that Battlefield Discovery is adequately reported and documented. The two hard-
Pressure officials from the government records BureauPAS)
Overwhelmed by dozens of discoveries from the Roman era to all the 17th century.
Of the approximately 140 items officially reported to officials, less than 10 were considered combat-related.
Marston Moor\'s actions are legal, family.
Orientation activities on private land that have only recently been identified as part of the battlefield.
The rally raised more than 5,000 pounds for charity.
But British archaeologists are very angry about it.
\"What happened in Marston Moore is unforgivable,\" Battlefield Trust archaeologist Glenn Fuld said . \".
\"Carrying out this metal detection on important national battlefields destroys important archaeological evidence of exactly how the battle is going.
\"Now, the British heritage program is working with PAS to provide more support.
\"The English Heritage will seek to work more closely with the portable Heritage program to develop better recording methods and practices,\" said Paul Stamper, a top battlefield expert at the English Heritage . \".
Roger Brand, National Union
The coordinator of the plan said: \"In this case, we have done our best.
Recording at large rallies is always difficult.
However, it is important that all voluntary and statutory bodies learn from what happened last weekend in Marston Moore so that we can have a better response in the future.
\"At the site of the last stop in the United States, especially in Castel, pioneering work has shown that careful recording of battlefield discoveries, especially Ordnance, can lead to re-entry
Archaeological Research at the site of the Battle of Little bighhorn proves that there is no definitive final position.
When most of Custer\'s troops were hit by a joint Indian counterattack, they had been attacking, at which point the camp collapsed like a row of Dominic Bush, he worked as a historian for ten years in Channel 4\'s Archaeological Project Time Team, saying amateurs with metal detectors can play an important role in digging historic sites.
He said: \"The plunder of the website is obviously intolerable . \"
\"But many of these sites will never be excavated because there is very little money.
If you can get people into the mindset of reporting and documenting their findings, then they can play an important role.
\"On the battlefield, the survey must be systematic and found to have to be recorded within two or three metres for use in rebuilding the tide of the battle.
Weigh properly, measure, and record their exact location using a relatively cheap pocket satellite
Global positioning system (GPS)
Device-leading shooting findings can reveal previously unknown fire lines and how they change as the battle progresses.
For centuries, discrete crushing gear groups can even reveal for the first time the exact position of cavalry or infantry in close range operations.
The tactics of field commanders, which are not recorded in official history, can be gradually revealed.
After the Marston Moore rally, the House of Lords asked the government what statutory protections it could take to prevent uncontrolled metal detection on the British battlefield.
The government acknowledges that it does not have the power to protect the historical battlefield at present.
Lord McCann of Haringey said: \"We commissioned a review aimed at incorporating the list, schedule of ancient monuments and other regimes, such as the historical battlefield register, into the minister of a unified system Ministry of Culture.
\"The protection status of these historic sites will be part of the review.
\"The battlefield has always been Cinderella in the heritage industry and is rarely treated by hundreds of medieval castles, dozens of major mansions and dozens of Roman ruins.
There are only four reasonable tourist facilities at Bosworth Stadium, Hastings, Bannock and calordon.
The problem is that they don\'t usually have any structure to bury or stand. So (
Except for human funerals)
They cannot be protected through normal procedures to protect historical buildings or traditional archaeological sites.
Britain has about 270 known battlefields, about 220 in England, at least 40 in Scotland and less than 10 in Wales.
Only Britain has an official register of battlefields compiled by British heritage.
However, the registration does not provide statutory protection and there are not many resources to keep an eye on them at any time.
There is no official battlefield list in Scotland and Wales, although Scotland and Wales, as well as the Battlefield Trust, have recently begun discussions to resolve the issue.
The appropriate level of archaeological work at battlefield sites is also regrettable.
Of the 270 known battlefields in the UK, none have been fully investigated and investigated, and only one has Towton been heavily investigated according to modern archaeological standards.
Although battlefield archaeology is relatively cheap compared to large archaeology, it is true
Traditional excavation of scale.
The work involved metal detector measurement of topography and systems.
They also need to include documentaries and Ancient
Environmental studies to determine land use and vegetation during combat.
Archaeologists estimate that a thorough, systematic investigation of a reasonable battlefield sample, and the six sites between the 10th and 17th centuries may take about £ 300,000.
The locations that may contribute to proper archaeological investigations include the Viking victory in Malden, Essex (AD991)
Battle of Hastings, Sussex (1066)
The failure of the Scots in the standard battle of northleton, Yorkshire (1138)
The Battle of the Rose in broths, Stafford County (1459)
Bosworth Stadium, Leicester (1485)
And the failure of Monmouth\'s rebellion in sejmoor, Somerset (1685).