hopper: banishing straws from $5 iced coffees isn\'t going to save the oceans
To protect the ocean from marine litter, Vancouver is currently Canada\'s first city to plan to ban marine litter.
In recent weeks, A & W Hotels, Marriott Hotels and Starbucks in Canada have all announced similar bans.
But if we wake up tomorrow and find a straw
In this free world, the global crisis of marine plastics will hardly change.
Here\'s why the world\'s sudden focus on the straw ban could end up making everything worse.
To be clear: marine plastic is really very, very bad, and we are facing this problem now: no one rationally thinks that marine plastic is not a devastating, deteriorating problem.
The area of the Pacific garbage belt is three times that of France and is growing exponentially.
Marine plastic often smells like food to seabirds, which is why up to 90 of all seabirds now eat marine plastic.
On April, a whale was washed up on the Australian coast and died of nearly 30 kilograms of plastic piled up in her stomach.
Small amounts of plastic began to appear in seafood.
According to a report from the World Economic Forum, if the current trend continues, by 2050, there will be more plastics in the ocean than kilograms of fish. Plastic is bad.
It takes centuries for plastics to degrade.
Most marine plastics are below the surface and cannot be cleaned up.
In an era of catastrophic threats to marine life, plastic may still be the worst in the end.
Almost all marine plastics came from the developing world last year, and a study by the Helmholtz mhoz environmental research center in Germany concluded that up to 95 of the world\'s marine plastics came from 10 rivers: 8 in Asia, two in Africa.
In the same year, a report from the marine conservation organization concluded that the world\'s marine plastic pollution can be traced back to five countries: China, Indonesia, the Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam.
Meanwhile, the Helmholtz mhoz report states that there are some of the lowest levels of floating plastic in the Great Lakes Basin
A region that includes Cleveland, Chicago and more than 9 million Canadians.
Take-out here is waste management: all those blue bins and trash cans in Toronto do relatively well in preventing straws from entering the turtle\'s nose.
This also means that the serious choice of Western consumers on the global issue of marine litter is a rounding error.
Over the past 30 years, the rapid growth of Asia\'s economy has led to a wave of consumer waste, completely flooding the local containment system.
Garbage is scattered on rare beaches in North America, which is not uncommon in East Asia --nor are open-
An aerial dump near the coastal area.
A 2015 study in the journal Science ranked countries at the rate of \"poorly managed\" waste.
Large marine pollution countries such as Bangladesh are not good at managing up to high levels of garbage.
In the United States, this ratio is only 2%.
Considering that the average American population produces five times more garbage than the Bangladeshi population, this figure is even more striking.
In a April column, Christine Cole, a waste researcher at the University of Nottingham Trent, wrote that if humans really want to reduce plastic pollution, \"in poor countries, even the smallest intervention can make a huge difference, the benefits per dollar
\"The straw ban is mainly driven by a single viral video. Almost every article on the straw ban mentions a viral video that shows a section of plastic straw being painfully drawn from.
There are now more than 33 million views, and the video includes specific calls for the global elimination of a single videouse straws.
While this particular turtle will certainly agree, the straw is not necessarily the only dangerous category in plastic.
A 2015 study led by the marine conservation organization surveyed a panel of ecological experts to determine which plastic waste is most dangerous to marine life.
They have straws on their list, but plastic bags, buoys, cigarette butts, balloons, fishing equipment, utensils, and even other types of food packaging are more than straws.
Specifically, straws and mixers are only listed as 11 of the most dangerous garbage categories for turtles.
The main reason to separate the straw from the top killer is that while it can cause damage once it\'s taken in, it can\'t entangle the creature --
It is easy to become the most deadly consequence of marine garbage.
Meanwhile, compare the experience of Costa turtles with the fate of another sick turtle
Fate reptiles: a Endangered Kemp Ridley turtle found on a beach in Alabama this week was strangled by a beach chair.
Local conservation groups believe the tragedy is a call for action on abandoned beach waste, not a specific prosecution of beach chairs.
When it comes to complex ecological issues, viral video is not always ideal in providing the environment.
Straws are bad, but they are far from what environmental activist oneNo claims to ban them as a panacea for purifying the ocean.
According to the Global Wildlife Conservation Association, The Straw should be a \"plastic passage \";
The humble beginning of the years-
Ban long term sports for other singlesuse plastics.
Marine biologist Christine fegenner, who filmed the turtle video, picked out the straws because they were particularly \"useless\" and therefore easily removed from the waste stream.
In beach cleaning, straws are the top ten items that are often counted.
However, given their relatively light weight, their composition may be minimal.
03% of the total annual marine waste.
When it comes to pure ocean slaughter, the impact of the straw is completely insignificant compared to products that have not received almost as much news coverage.
Earlier this year, a paper in the journal Science report estimated that 46 of the plastic that formed the Pacific garbage belt was made up of discarded fishing gear or \"ghost fishing gear.
Given that fishing gear is specifically used to kill marine life, it is also the deadliest.
\"Fishing Gear clearly poses the biggest ecological threat compared to other consumer goods discarded in the ocean,\" the above 2015 Marine Protection report warned.
More importantly, there are many shovels.
Get ready to fix ghost gear, including buyback plans, digital traceability, and fast food restaurants, keeping a close eye on their supply chain. (
Oh, look: This is a registered charity dedicated to the movement to get rid of ghost gear).
The widely cited-
Straw statistics from 9-year-oldAn oft-
It is repeated that the United States uses 0. 5 billion straws a year.
It was quoted here by National Geographic.
Here, it is referenced back.
Straw group without grass ocean.
Here it is used in the literature of the National Park Administration.
Vancouver city recently claimed that Canadians use 57 million straws a year.
They infer this figure purely by adjusting the 0. 5 billion figure of the Canadian population.
But in January, The Journal reason traced back the origins of these 0. 5 billion figures and found that it came from an unscientific survey conducted by nine people. year-old.
Specifically, it comes from the-
Straw activist Milo Cress told the reason that he came up with the figure when he was a child by telephone to investigate straw manufacturers.
The more reliable data could be 0. 175 billion from the food industry consulting firm alimmic Inc.
The straw is still bad, of course, it is still a high quantity, but the inference may be-
The straw movement did not count the real downstream impact of the municipal and corporate straw bans.
Meanwhile, just this week, the New York Times is still reporting that \"more than 0. 5 billion disposable plastic straws are used every day.
If not handled properly, even the best
That means the ban can make everything better.
This means that the environment will backfire. Anti-
Some people accused the littering movement of not being stopped in time.
The explosion of the 20th century
Use consumer goods. U. K.
Government research has concluded that the ban on plastic bags has led to alternatives to more resources --
Intensive life cycle.
As far as Starbucks is concerned, the coffee giant delivers about 4 billion paper cups to landfill sites every year.
While the cups are recyclable on the surface, their plastic lining ensures that they are littered with garbage without state-of-the-art recycling facilities.
On 2015, a CBC survey tracked the Starbucks cup
Store recycling bins in Toronto and make sure they are being quietly replaced with trash cans.
Starbucks also has a history of making ambitious environmental commitments that have never been realized.
In 2010, the company promised that all its coffee would be poured into reusable or recyclable cups by 2015.
Most importantly, Starbucks\'s straw ban will actually put more plastic into the waste stream.
The coffee giant is replacing the straw with a special \"suction cup --
Style covers also made of disposable plastic.
Analysis of the lid (
It\'s also a journal of reason)
Make sure they actually contain a little more plastic than the previous lidand-
All in all, the main creators of American garbage are taking a measure that will eventually produce more garbage, for which they are considered authors of the \"environmental milestone.
\"A person who does not need to be a complete nothingness can describe this effort as\" putting a Band-Aid on a wound and patting himself on his back . \".
\"Twitter: TristinHopper | Email: thorpper @ nationalpost.