【Abstract:】Over the past 30 years of reform and opening up, China's packaging machinery has achieved great achievements: first, the development speed is high, and the output value is growing fast; second, the variety is increasing, innovation has already started; third, the standard testing work is obviously improved, and the production, learning and research innovation mode Basically formed. However, there are still big problems: First, the scale of the company is small, the degree of specialization is low, and the business philosophy is backward; the second is that the technical content of the products is not high, and the complete sets of equipment are heavily dependent on imports; the third is that the design is mainly based on surveying and mapping, and the innovation and development capabilities are weak. . There is a large technological gap between the development of China's packaging machinery and the world's packaging powers, and it is not commensurate with the status of China's packaging power.
【Keywords】packaging machinery; standard testing; complete sets of equipment; mapping and imitation;
1.Achievements in the development of China's packaging machinery
1.1 High development speed and rapid growth in output value
Since the reform and opening up, due to the economic development and the needs of the market economy, China's packaging machinery has developed rapidly. In the 1980s, its average growth rate reached 30%. After the 1990s, it still grew at a rate of more than 20%. Its growth rate is higher than that of the packaging industry (the packaging industry growth rate is 18%), and it is also higher than that of the Chinese machinery industry. The growth rate was 4.7 percentage points higher. According to the China Food and Packaging Machinery Industry Association, the average growth rate of the national food and packaging machinery during the 11th Five-Year Plan period was 21.65%. In 2009, despite the impact of the international financial crisis, China's food and packaging machinery industry still achieved a total industrial output value of 148.4 billion yuan, and its output value increased by 17.59% year-on-year, slightly higher than the year-on-year growth rate of China's machinery industry (16.1%). Among them, the total output value of food machinery (including packaging) was 75.68 billion yuan, up 2.77% year-on-year; the total output value of packaging machinery was 72.72 billion yuan, up 29.89% year-on-year. The latter's year-on-year growth rate is higher than the former because of the direct food packaging machinery demand (about 60% of the market demand for packaging machinery), as well as pharmaceuticals (about 20% of the market demand for packaging machinery) and cosmetics. Such as the direct packaging machinery and packaging products, packaging container processing machinery (such as the demand for corrugated cardboard, carton processing machinery, etc.) backed by the demand. Due to the large demand space of such products, packaging machinery is still growing at a high speed.
After 2000, China's small-scale food direct packaging machinery and packaging products, packaging containers of single-machine processing machinery has been exported to Africa and the Middle East. During the “Eleventh Five-Year Plan” period, the average growth rate of China's food and packaging machinery import and export trade was 11.66%, especially since 2005-2008. In 2009, affected by the international financial crisis, the total import and export volume fell to 4.174 billion yuan. The renminbi, with a total export value of 1.468 billion yuan, and a total import value of 2.706 billion yuan. Among the total import and export volume, the export value of food machinery was 655 million yuan, and the export value of packaging machinery was 813 million yuan (the export value of packaging machinery was still greater than that of food machinery); the import value of food machinery was 760 million yuan, and the import volume of packaging machinery It was 1.946 billion yuan (mainly imported from Europe, America and Japan). Compared with the same period of 2008, the total import and export of food and packaging machinery decreased by 14.34%. The total export value decreased by 15.78%, and the total import volume decreased by 13.57%. The above analysis shows that the international competitiveness of China's packaging machinery is still at a disadvantage, and there is still a big gap between the level of technical equipment and the strength of packaging machinery.
1.2 Variety is increasing, innovation has started
Although China's packaging machinery industry started late, after more than 30 years of reform and opening up, it has sprung up everywhere. Not only has the quantity and output value increased rapidly, but also the product variety has grown from basic blank to stand-alone production, and it has moved to the complete packaging machinery production line. Production. At present, there are more than 1,300 kinds of packaging machinery in the country. Although there are still more gaps than 6,000 kinds of packaging machinery that can be produced in the world, it can basically meet the needs of packaging of food, medicine, cosmetics, packaging products and packaging containers. . After the “Eleventh Five-Year Plan” period, food packaging machinery implemented major scientific and technological research projects such as “Key Technology Research and Industrialization Development of Food Processing”, and achieved a focus on key areas such as grain and oil, fruit and vegetable, livestock and poultry products, aquatic product processing and key equipment development. Series breakthrough: In addition to breaking through a number of major common technical problems in the field of food processing, it has also achieved leap-forward development in the production of major equipment and complete sets of equipment, and successfully developed a number of food and packaging machinery with complex movement and high technical content. , played an important role in the industry. 2 problems in the development of packaging machinery
2.1 The scale of the company is small, the degree of specialization is low, and the business philosophy is backward.
More than 80% of China's packaging machinery enterprises belong to small and medium-sized enterprises. They are scattered, small in scale, low in production concentration, backward in technical equipment and lack of funds. Therefore, most of them are unable to carry out equipment and process technology transformation, and are unable to produce high-tech products, let alone research and development of new products, which is an important reason for the low-level repetitive production of packaging machinery in China. Another weakness of Chinese packaging machinery companies is the low degree of specialization. In China, 57% of packaging machinery enterprises are concurrently produced. Apart from the number of professional enterprises in coastal provinces and cities, packaging machinery enterprises in other provinces and cities are mostly engaged in production. China's packaging machinery industry has long followed the development path of “multi-variety, small batch”, and even a company has several new products a year, which leads to more products than specialized and lack of technical content. On the contrary, the well-known packaging machinery companies in the world are taking the road of “less varieties, specialization and large quantities”. One enterprise has only one or two products, with high technical content and large batch sizes, so that it can concentrate on making products. World famous brand.
2.2 The technical content of the products is not high, and the complete sets of equipment are heavily dependent on imports.
The main performances are as follows: First, compared with the world's packaging machinery powerhouses, Chinese packaging machinery companies have limited varieties of products, mostly limited to light industry, and are mostly low-tech products, high-tech added value, high-productivity products. Less; general machinery, special requirements, special materials processing and packaging machinery. The second is the production of heavy machinery itself, the production of light accessory accessories and software, so that the machine itself has lost many applicable functions. Third, the reliability, stability and short working life of the equipment are short.
2.3 The design is based on surveying and mapping, and the innovation and development capabilities are weak.
The design of the former Chinese packaging machinery was mainly based on surveying and mapping imitation, and even reached the point where it could not be designed without reference materials. This is an important reason for the lack of technical content of new packaging machinery products in China. In fact, the manufacturing capabilities of high-end manufacturing enterprises in China's packaging machinery industry are not bad. The main lack of design capability is that 80% of China's packaging machinery is reflected in the design process. At the same time, because the mapping and imitation only pays attention to the appearance, it lacks With the support of related software, the imitation products lack the technical content characterized by software, which greatly reduces the technical performance and market competitiveness of the products, resulting in the high-end technology and large-scale equipment of China's packaging machinery industry still relying on imports from the US, Europe and Japan.
Although China's packaging machinery has achieved certain achievements, it still has big problems. Compared with the world's packaging machinery powers, China still has a big gap, which is not commensurate with the status of China's packaging power. In the next few years, the world's packaging machinery will develop rapidly, which not only provides opportunities for the development of packaging machinery in China, but also challenges. In the next issue of "The Development Trend of Packaging Machinery in the World and the Development Countermeasures of China's Packaging Machinery", the author will discuss the development trend of the world's packaging machinery and new safety and health barriers, and propose corresponding problems for the development of packaging machinery in China. The countermeasures are expected to contribute to the development of China's packaging machinery. Of course, there are also a number of potential stars in the future packaging industry such as Guangdong Kenwei, Shanghai soontrue, Ruizhi, etc., like Guangdong Kenwei Intellectualized Machinery Co.,Ltd, which has great influence in the field of combination scales. The output is already a domestic leader, and the number of sales in the international market is also at the main position. Due to the low price of domestically produced machines, it is only a fraction of the similar products in Germany, and there is still a certain gap between sales and international counterparts.
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