is it possible to protect a public transport system from terror?
The world is this.
In Israel, Hamas has often called for suicide bombers to destroy buses.
The Irish Republican Army frequently attacked the London Metro and British trains during the crisis.
In their 1990 s, extremists from the Islamist militant group detonated several bombs on the Paris subway, killing eight people and injuring 100.
On 1995, a doomsday cult in Japan released sarin gas on the Tokyo subway system, killing 12 people and injuring 5,000.
A recent 2005 explosion in the London Metro has killed 52 people.
A train in Madrid was attacked on 2004, killing 19 people.
Public transportation attracts terrorists because it is difficult to be safe.
Unlike airports, large checkpoints and luggage scans cannot be set up in most cities)
And easy access.
It is also often packed, especially during peak hours.
This may explain why there have been at least 387 attacks on trains, buses and passenger ships in North America and Europe since 1970.
South Asia faces 1,287 public transport attacks, compared with 801 in the Middle East.
The most common targets are trains and train stations;
Attacks in closed environments such as subway stations are the deadliest.
In Europe, the casualties caused by the terrorist attacks occurred at underground railway stations, although they accounted for only the total number of attacks.
Attacks on public transport are rising in Europe and the United States.
But the good news is that these terrorist attacks are becoming less lethal.
A recent report on terrorism in Public Transport found that \"today\'s terrorists want to improve their physical fitness . \".
But they rarely succeed.
Researchers say this is partly due to increased security.
As the non-profit organization in the next city explains: Some evidence does suggest that increased TV surveillance, \"watch something, the \"Say Something\" campaign and faster authoritative response time did gradually reduce attacks in London between 1970 and 2000.
However, these same measures do not prevent the occurrence of the 2005 explosion. In this explosion, the attackers were not afraid of being seen or leaving a package report because they were bombs themselves.
But this does not mean that the general public and the bus staff are helpless.
In the 300 incidents in the world where equipment was discovered before the explosion, transit employees were found by passengers during the time, police or military personnel, and security officials.
Other cities adopt different strategies.
Beijing has the world\'s busiest subway network, transporting 10 million passengers a day.
After a terrorist attack in western China in 2014, cyclists were forced to wait in line for a system similar to airport inspections --in. (
The police promised no more than 30 minutes. )
Passengers and their bags pass through metal detectors.
In addition, the helicopter fleet took surveillance photos from above and police patrolled with guns, which is unusual in this country.
London created the opposite.
For example, the city has basically stopped using metal trash cans, which can produce deadly shrapnel if bombs are placed inside.
Instead, the city offers clear plastic bags hanging on the iron ring, making it easier to spot bombs and less dangerous if they explode. (
The city has also removed many public bins, especially underground ones. )
Israel uses metal detectors and X-
Fax machines are used at some bus stations.
The bus is also a bullet. resistant.
Some are also equipped with GPS tracking systems and cameras so that military officials can hear what is happening in an emergency.
In the United States, cities have strengthened the safety of airports and public transport.
In New York, for example, additional New York police officers and state police officers patrol crowded traffic stations.
In Washington, DC, additional K9 sweeps and patrols are deployed when the risk of terror increases.
Similar technologies are used in Chicago, Los Angeles and other cities.
Of course, riders are also reminded, \"say something if they see something.
\"Between 2003 and 2009, five plots of land against public transport were thwarted in New York City;
On 2010, an American was arrested for planning an attack on the Washington Metro.
But experts warn that it is not enough to stop an attack.
As explained in a report by the Committee on Foreign Relations: many metropolitan transit agencies have increased undercover and high
Police patrols were introduced in detail and emergency plans to consider terrorism were improved.
Subway garbage containers are being replaced by bombs in Washington, D. C. resistant cans.
The Washington Metro also conducted smoke tests to study the airflow inside the Metro system and installed chemical detectors at a subway station to provide early warning for attacks.
Suspicious packages are now under investigation in New York
Search the luggage of the cable and passengers at random.
But experts say the airline
The safety of the American subway is almost impossible, and the measures are useless for suicide bombers.